Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that modifies improperly positioned teeth and jaws. Curved teeth and teeth that do not fit together properly are harder to retain clean, are at risk of being lost initially due to tooth decay and periodontal disease that makes extra stress on the chewing muscles that can cause to headaches, shoulder and back pain, TMJ syndrome, and neck. Teeth that are crooked or not in the right place can also detract from one's look.
The perk of orthodontic treatment includes a healthier mouth with more attractive look and teeth that are more expected to last a lifetime.
How to Know whether you Need Orthodontics?
Only your dentist or orthodontist can suggest whether you can get advantage from orthodontics. Based on diagnostic tools that include a full medical and dental health history, a clinical exam, special X-rays and photographs, and plaster models of your teeth, an orthodontist or dentist can decide whether orthodontics are suggested and develop a treatment plan that's true for you.
If you have any of the following symptoms, you may be a person for orthodontic dental treatment: –
- Overbite – Also called "buck teeth" — In which the upper front teeth lie too far forward or stick out over the lower teeth
- Underbite — A "bulldog" looks where the upper teeth too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward.
- Crossbite — When the upper teeth do not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when biting together usually.
- Open bite — Space between the biting sides of the side and/or front teeth when the back teeth bite together
- Misplaced midline — When the center of your lower front teeth does not line up with the center of your upper front teeth.
- Spacing — Spaces or gaps, between the teeth due to missing teeth or teeth that do not "fill up" the mouth.
- Crowding – When there are too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate.