Oral health is essential for pregnant women because gums become more delicate and bleed more easily during pregnancy. It is highly crucial to seek preventative care, as women who are pregnant have a high risk for gum caries, redness, and bleeding. It is recommended by dentists to maintain a high level of oral health for both mother and child.
Dental issues during pregnancy –
Due to hormonal changes, pregnant women are likely to develop a mild form of gum disease that is known as gingivitis. This gum infection can cause irritation, redness, swelling, bad breath and possible bleeding as well.
If you are suffering from nausea and vomiting then acidity automatically gets increased in your mouth which can lead to tooth decay. Caloric intake and intense food cravings can cause dental caries in pregnant women.
c) Gum tumors
If you see red lumps along your gum line then it might be an indication of plague. Although, these pregnancy tumors are rare but mainly arise during pregnancy.
d) Enamel erosion
If your morning sickness is causing you to vomit frequently then it will increase the risk of tooth decay so you need to pay attention to enamel erosion.
Tips to keep good oral hygiene during pregnancy –
There is no doubt in saying that a healthy mouth supports a healthy pregnancy.
1) Oral health care, including the use of X-rays, pain medication and local anesthesia, is safe throughout pregnancy.
2) Brush your teeth with fluoridated toothpaste twice a day. Replace your toothbrush every 6 months and do not share your toothbrush with anyone. If possible, clean your teeth daily with floss or an interdental cleaner.
3) Eat a variety of healthy foods and avoid those foods which are high in sugar like candy, cookies, cake, and dried fruit, and drink fewer beverages high in sugar like juice, fruit-flavored drinks, or soda.
4) Drink water or milk instead of juice, fruit-flavored drinks or soda, especially between meals and snacks.
5) Avoid brushing your teeth immediately after vomiting, which further exposes your teeth to stomach acids. Instead, rinse out your mouth with a cup of water and one teaspoon of baking soda to neutralize the acid.
6) Dental specialists recommend that women see a dentist before they plan a pregnancy. This way, they can do a thorough checkup and cleaning, as well as treat any existing dental problems.
Whenever you experience any kind of oral pain or swelling during pregnancy, immediately consult your dental practitioner. All of the regular procedures such as fillings, cleaning, and RCTs are safe during pregnancy so you need not worry about this. The use of local anesthesia is safe for the mother and the child but the same should be used only whenever necessary. There is an immediate connection between’s periodontal (gum) infection and low-birth-weight newborn children so pregnant ladies ought to never disregard any sort of dental issue. The results of not treating contamination during pregnancy outperform the potential risks of the prescriptions used during dental treatment. Your family tooth specialist will carefully screen the utilization of any antibiotics or pain medications. If you have questions and worries about dental care during pregnancy, talk to your dental specialist as soon as possible.